Ruffault, A., et al. (2016). The effects of mindfulness training on weight-loss and health-related behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. Summary.
- •Mindfulness training has been related to the adoption of healthier behaviours.
- •We conducted a meta-analysis of RCTs testing mindfulness training for weight loss.
- •Mindfulness decreases binge and impulsive eating and increases physical activity.
- •No effects of mindfulness training on weight loss in adults with excess weight.
- •Study design is a major source of heterogeneity in study effects.
Shahar, Ben, et al. “A Wait‐List Randomized Controlled Trial of Loving‐Kindness Meditation Programme for Self‐Criticism.” Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, vol. 22, no. 4, 2015, pp. 346-356. Full text.
From the Abstract. Self-criticism is a vulnerability risk factor for a number of psychological disorders, and it predicts poor response to psychological and pharmacological treatments.
In the current study, we evaluated the efﬁcacy of a loving-kindness meditation (LKM) programme designed to increase self-compassion in a sample of self-critical individuals. Thirty-eight individuals with high scores on the self-critical perfectionism subscale of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale were randomized to an LKM condition (n=19) or a waitlist condition (n=19).
Measures of self-criticism, self-compassion and psychological distress were administered before and immediately following the intervention. participants received the intervention immediately after the waiting period. Both groups were assessed 3 months post-intervention. … A follow-up … in both groups together (n=20) showed that these gains were maintained 3 months after the intervention.
These preliminary results suggest that LKM may be efﬁcacious in alleviating self-criticism, increasing self-compassion and improving depressive symptoms among self-critical individuals