Williams, A-L., et al. (2012). Barriers to Meditation by Gender and Age Among Cancer Family Caregivers. Nursing Research, 61 (1), 22–27. Full text. Excerpts below.
Background: The most recent (U.S.) National Health Interview Survey (n = 23,393) found prevalence of use for meditation in the general adult population is approximately 9%. A large gender imbalance was noted in the Survey among users of mind-body therapies, including meditation, with 23.8% of women and 14.4% of men reporting use in the preceding year.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether barriers to meditation differ by gender and age among a sample of cancer family caregivers. Cancer family caregivers were chosen because they represent a highly stressed segment of the general population who would be likely to benefit from meditation practice. Of the estimated 65.7 million people who assume the role of family caregiver, approximately 4.6 million (7%) care for someone with cancer. Since more women than men currently practice meditation, it was hypothesized that women would identify fewer barriers to meditation than men.
Results: The highest frequency of barriers for both genders related to misconceptions about meditation.