Bergen-Cico, D., Posematto, K., & Cheon, S. (2013). Examining the Efficacy of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (Brief MBSR) on Psychological Health. Journal of American College Health, (just-accepted).
From the Abstract: The purpose of the study was to examine potential psychological health benefits of participating in a brief (5-week) mindfulness-based stress reduction program (brief MBSR) integrated into an academic course.
119 undergraduate students (treatment n = 72; control n = 47) enrolled in elective academic courses on addictive behaviors, between January 2010 and May 2012. This study employed a quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test design comparing changes in psychological health between brief MBSR treatment and parallel control groups. Baseline and follow-up data were collected synchronously across semesters for both groups.
Analysis revealed significant improvements in psychological health, measured by mindfulness, and self-compassion, among brief MBSR participants compared to the parallel control cohort. Significant reductions in trait anxiety were not evident. Conclusions: Brief MBSR programs can improve psychological health, however, longer MBSR programs may be needed to improve psychological distress, such as trait anxiety.