Suarez, A., et al. (2014). Freedom Project Nonviolent Communication and Mindfulness Training in Prison. SAGE Open, 4(1), 2158244013516154. Open access to full text.
Abstract: Freedom Project trains prisoners in nonviolent communication (NVC) and meditation. Two complementary studies of its effects are reported in this article. The first study is correlational; we found decreased recidivism rates among prisoners trained by Freedom Project compared with recidivism rates in Washington state. The second study compared trained prisoners with a matched-pair control group and found improvement in self-reported anger, self-compassion, and certain forms of mindfulness among the trained group. Ratings of role-plays simulating difficult interactions show increased social skills among the group trained by Freedom Project than in the matched controls.