Davis, J. M., et al. (2014). Randomized Trial on Mindfulness Training for Smokers Targeted to a Disadvantaged Population. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(5), 571-585.
From the Abstract: We report the results of a randomized trial comparing a novel smoking cessation treatment Mindfulness Training for Smokers (MTS) to a usual care therapy (Controls), which included the availability of a tobacco quit line and nicotine patches.
Data were collected from 196 low socioeconomic status smokers. Participants were randomized to either MTS or a telephonic quit line. The primary outcome was 6-month smoking abstinence measured by carbon monoxide breath testing and Time-Line Follow-Back.
Among treatment initiators (randomized participants who participated in the intervention), abstinence rates were significantly different between the MTS (38.7%) and control (20.6%) groups.