Effectiveness of ‘mantram’ repetitions in military-related PTSD

Bormann, J.E., et al. (2018). Individual Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Mantram Repetition: A Randomized Clinical Trial. The American Journal of Psychiatry. Online 20 Jun 2018, https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17060611. From the Abstract.

Objective: Previous studies suggest that group “mantram” (sacred word) repetition therapy, a non-trauma-focused complementary therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), may be an effective treatment for veterans.

Design: The study was a two-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from two Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics.

Results: Individually delivered mantram repetition therapy was generally more effective than present-centered therapy for reducing PTSD symptom severity and insomnia.

Treating PTSD symptoms

Banks, K., Newman, E., & Saleem, J. (2015). An Overview of the Research on Mindfulness‐Based Interventions for Treating Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review. Journal of clinical psychology. Online before inclusion in an issue.

From the Abstract. This systematic review aimed to collate and evaluate the existing research for the use of mindfulness-based approaches to treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our primary objectives were to explore the effects of mindfulness-based approaches on PTSD symptoms and associated psychological distress, with secondary objectives to explore the attrition rate, adverse effects, resource implications, and long-term effects of such interventions.

We systematically searched research databases … , contacted relevant authors in the field, and conducted a hand search of relevant papers. The search resulted in 12 studies that met eligibility criteria, many of which studies lacked methodological rigor. The majority of the studies indicated positive outcomes with improvements in PTSD symptoms, particularly in reducing avoidance.

The preliminary evidence for the use of mindfulness-based approaches to treat PTSD symptoms is encouraging, although further studies with a more robust research design are required.