Wren, A. A., et al. (2019). Preliminary efficacy of a lovingkindness meditation intervention for patients undergoing biopsy and breast cancer surgery: A randomized controlled pilot study. Supportive Care in Cancer, pp. 1-10. From Abstract.
Purpose: Despite more women undergoing treatment for breast cancer and increased survival rates, many women suffer from anxiety and physical symptoms (e.g., pain, fatigue) surrounding diagnosis and surgery. Research investigating the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for breast cancer patients during this period is limited. This randomized controlled pilot study examined the effect of a brief lovingkindness meditation intervention on these key outcomes.
Results: Multilevel modeling analyses demonstrated that lovingkindness meditation significantly improved pain, self-compassion, and heart rate over time compared to control conditions. There was a trend for anxiety. Music significantly improved pain compared to usual care.
Levin, A.B., Hadgkiss, E.J., Weiland, T.K., Jelinek, G.J. (2014). Meditation as an Adjunct to the Management of Multiple Sclerosis. Neurology Research International. Full text.
From the Abstract. To explore the association between band health related quality of life (HRQOL), depression, fatigue, disability level, relapse rates and disease activity in a large international sample of people with multiple sclerosis.
Participants were invited to take part in an online survey and answer questions relating to HRQOL, depression, fatigue, disability, relapse rates and their involvement in meditation practises.
Statistically and potentially clinically significant differences between those who meditated once a week or more, and participants who never meditated were present for mean mental health composite scores, cognitive function scale and health perception scale. … Physical health composite scores were higher in those that meditated, however, the differences were probably not clinically significant. Among those who meditated, fewer screened positive for depression, but there was no relationship with fatigue or relapse rate. Those with worsened disability levels were more likely to meditate.
Immink, M. A. (2014). Fatigue in neurological disorders: a review of self-regulation and mindfulness-based interventions. Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health & Behavior, (ahead-of-print), 1-17.
From the Abstract. Fatigue is prevalent in neurological disorders and is associated with increased disability and mortality rates. Currently, clinical assessment and management of fatigue is difficult as underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood.
This narrative review integrates models of pathological fatigue with the concepts of self-regulation and mindfulness. Findings from clinical trials testing the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) for fatigue in neurological disorders are also reviewed.
Recent definitions and models of pathological fatigue suggest that neurological disorders might instigate maladaptive changes in self-regulation leading to difficulties in sustaining movement and disproportionate levels of perceived effort. MBI might be effective in the management of fatigue since mindfulness training is thought to promote self-regulation by developing attention control and cognitive and emotional flexibility. Findings from a small number of clinical trials provide limited support for the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions for fatigue in neurological disorders.
Further research is … needed to test the efficacy of MBI including large randomised controlled trials with active control conditions and which directly assess changes in mindfulness along with fatigue.