Mediating role of mindfulness on eating pathology

Pepping, C. A., et al. (2015). Individual differences in attachment and eating pathology: The mediating role of mindfulness. Personality and Individual Differences, 75, 24-29. Abstract.

Attachment insecurity is related to many forms of psychopathology, including eating pathology. However, remarkably little is known as to the more specific underlying cognitive and emotional processes that may explain why attachment insecurity places individuals at greater risk of eating pathology.

In the present research, we examined whether mindfulness is one mechanism underlying the relationship between attachment insecurity and greater eating pathology in a sample of undergraduate females (Study 1) and a sample of women seeking treatment for eating pathology (Study 2). In both studies, there were indirect associations of both attachment anxiety and avoidance with increased eating pathology via lower mindfulness.

The findings suggest that attachment insecurity is related to greater eating pathology due to a reduced capacity for mindfulness.

Self-compassion as intervention for trauma exposure

Seligowski, A. V., Miron, L. R., & Orcutt, H. K. (2014). Relations Among Self-Compassion, PTSD Symptoms, and Psychological Health in a Trauma-Exposed Sample. Mindfulness, 1-9.

From the Abstract. Emerging literature on self-compassion suggests that establishing and maintaining a compassionate perspective toward oneself and one’s experiences may help buffer against the negative effects of trauma exposure, such as psychopathology and reduced quality of life.

The goal of the current study was to examine relations among self-compassion, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, and overall psychological health in a sample of trauma-exposed university students. Further, the current study explored these associations while controlling for a theoretically related construct, psychological inflexibility. Participants were 453 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a large Midwestern University (M age = 19.75).

Results demonstrate that increasing levels of self-compassion may represent an important area of intervention for trauma-exposed individuals.