Treatment of smoking (a systematic review)

de Souza, I. C. W., at al. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Treatment of Smoking: A Systematic Literature Review. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. From the Abstract. Epub ahead of print.

Objectives: Smoking is a chronic process in which craving and negative affect are considered the main barriers to maintaining abstinence in patients who have gone through treatment. Mindfulness-based interventions have presented encouraging preliminary results in follow-up lasting up to 6 months. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review on the effects of mindfulness-based interventions for the treatment of smoking.

Methods: Of 198 articles on mindfulness and smoking, 13 controlled empirical studies were selected for the analysis. … All articles reported promising results, especially for smoking cessation, relapse prevention, number of cigarettes smoked, the moderation of mindfulness on the strength of relationship between craving and smoking, and the development of coping strategies to deal with triggers to smoke.

Conclusions: Mindfulness appears to induce positive effects on mental health, which might contribute to the maintenance of tobacco abstinence. Despite the promising results regarding the responses of tobacco smokers to mindfulness-based interventions, additional well-designed clinical studies are needed.